In the US, the economic cost of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to businesses is approximately $150 billion per year in higher health care costs, motor vehicle crashes and reduced productivity. These results can be assumed to be similar in Canada.
- 5.4 million Canadians have or are at high risk of experiencing OSA.
- It is estimated that 93% of women and 82% of men with moderate to severe sleep apnea are undiagnosed.
- Studies found that a person who loses two hours of sleep from a normal eight-hour sleep schedule performs similarly to someone who has drunk two to three beers.
- Studies show that the risk of lost work days was increased by 61% in men with OSA; it was increased by 80% in women with sleep apnea.
- Research shows that work performance can be decreased by 30% due to sleep fragmentation and repetitive hypoxia, which are characteristics of OSA.
Untreated sleep disorders reduce alertness and increase fatigue, which contribute to missed workdays, lower productivity, increased health costs, workplace injuries and motor vehicle accidents.